In a white paper published recently, Samsung has declared that the next generation communication system or 6G in simple words is highly likely to come into existence by 2028. An impressive statement or prediction, this claim by the company comes in the wake of the massive advancements being made in the communication space based on trends observed.
As the whole word still grapples with the rolling out of the 5G network and many countries patiently await to get the new service standards, Samsung has already spearheaded in its research towards 6G connectivity. In fact, it has been almost a year since this electronics giant of South Korea has been working extensively in this area and today it has set up its vision for the future. Top leaders of the company have mentioned that though the commercialization of 5G is still at its nascent stage, one should start preparing early for the implementation of 6G as the stage from research to the commercialization takes approximately 10 years.
In its white paper, the company mentions that 6G will offers users a higher speed, more latency and of course a greater degree of reliability. 6G will also have the capability to provide a peak internet speed of close to 1000 Gbps, which is much higher than the 20 Gbps that is being offered by 5G. Users will be able to experience an internet speed of 1 Gbps. These aside, the new communication standard, in comparison to 5G, will give services which are latency-sensitive, like emergency response or remote surgery, which is 10 times more reliable.
The mobile giant offers multiple use cases to assert the importance of implementing 6G. One such case pertains to Augmented Reality (AR)/Virtual Reality (VR) streaming. It says that if you stream AR to an 8K display, it requires a speed of nearly 55.3 Mbps while a proper immersive AR experience requires a speed of 0.44 Gbps, which the existing 5G connections cannot provide. It further goes on to claim that 6G offers high-fidelity holograms as well as Digital Twin technologies that can replicate places, people, devices, and other things. In other words, 6G will be creating a world that is hyper-connected.
As per Samsung, there is going to be a surge in the number of connected devices which is likely to be 500 billion by the year 2030. It also feels that virtual reality headsets, augmented reality glasses as well as hologram devices will become the mobile devices of the future. Because of this reason and in order to create a truly immersive experience for the user, the usage of 6G is necessary.
In the white paper, Samsung also mentions the various technologies that can be harnessed for implementing 6G. Some of these include network topology, terahertz frequency band, utilization of AI for wireless communication, advanced antenna technologies to increase the coverage of the signals of the high-frequency bands, and others.
However, all this is just the start and there is a long way to go before the actual roll-out happens. In fact, the white paper by Samsung indicates that standardization at a global level will begin only in the year 2021. The earliest when one can expect a commercial roll-out is only in 2028, which will be followed by a full-scale implementation by the year 2030. All this though sounds optimistic, there are multiple dependencies that need to be addressed like building better antennas or even enhancing the radio spectral efficiency. It is only then will we be able to assess whether 6G will eventually become a reality or will it continue being just a dream or vision that will be fulfilled at a much later period.